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Dealing with disaster

‘Disaster’, namely flooding, is high on the agenda for many businesses as we enter 2016. The Christmas period spelled devastating levels of rain, leaving much of the Northern part of the UK under water. Mark Calvert, MD for flood response experts, Adler & Allan, looks at what businesses can do to limit the effect of flooding and other disasters, such as polluting spills and power cuts

Flooding has become part of the UK winter, with the end of 2015 and beginning of 2016 proving extremely difficult for homes and businesses in the North of England and Scotland. The rain just kept falling, rivers burst their banks and flood defences failed. 

Reports by the Environment Agency in December, described the weather and its associated effects as moving from ‘known extremes’ to ‘unknown extremes’, a situation that requires a complete rethink in terms of flood defences and resilience, such as improved warning systems and better building design.

For facilities managers whose buildings have been affected by flooding, making sure they are protected, with proper plans in place should disaster strike, will help minimise damage and prevent lengthy periods of downtime. Proper disaster planning can be applied to a range of situations – power cuts, polluting spills, fires – and should be part of any businesses Health & Safety policy, not just those that have known risks (such as businesses that transport or store hazardous substances, for example).

When it comes to flooding, unfortunately, the situation is likely to only get worse, so even if this has not caused an issue for an organisation now, it doesn’t mean it won’t in the future. Assessment of potential risk, whatever that may be, is the first step to disaster planning. Flood Risk Assessments can determine a sites risk now and up to 60 years in the future, helping businesses implement precautionary measures if it looks likely that flooding might become a problem, even if it isn’t one presently.

For other common ‘disasters’, such as power outages (usually also associated with flooding), making sure there are back-up fuel supplies for data centre generators, for example, will mean operations keep running, even if critical energy supplies fail.

Once the risk has been assessed, plans to deal with that risk can be implemented. This could be as simple as moving essential equipment to a safe place in the event of a flood, to more permanent flood defences. A person or team should be put in charge of disaster protocol to ensure the correct steps are followed.

THE PERFECT STORM?

STORM DESMOND

  • Storm Desmond struck the UK and Ireland from the 3rd of December 2015 and lasted until the 8th
  • It caused 46,300 power outages
  • The highest gust of wind was recorded at 112mph
  • The total damage is estimated to cost £500m
  • It broke the UK’s 24 hour rainfall record with 341.4mm falling at Honister Pass in Cumbria
  • The previous record was 316.4 which fell at Seathwaite, Cumbria in 2009
  • It also broke the 48 hour record, with 405mm falling at Thirlmere, the previous record was 395.6, also falling at Seathwaite in 2009
  • 3,500 properties were flooded in North West England, 2,000 in Carlisle

STORM SEASON

  • The succession of storms from November to now have caused over a £1b worth of damage (upper estimates top £1.3b) across the UK and Ireland
  • There have thus far been seven fatalities

HISTORICAL

  • The North Sea flood of 1953 was one of the most devastating natural disasters ever recorded in the UK
  • Over 1,600 km of coastline was damaged
  • Flooding forced 30,000 people to be evacuated from their homes, and 24,000 properties were seriously damaged
  • The total death toll on land in the UK is estimated at 307
  • The total death toll at sea for the UK, including the MV Princess Victoria, is estimated at 224
  • Total damages were estimated to be £50 million (£1,246,842,334 today)
  • The Great Sheffield Flood devastated parts of Yorkshire on 11 March 1864, when the Dale Dyke Dam broke as its reservoir was being filled for the first time
  • At least 240 people died and more than 600 houses were damaged or destroyed by the flood

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